This article examines the new Australian consumer Comprehensive right to access and use data, also known as the Consumer Data Right, recently proposed by the Australian Productivity Commission, and adopts a comparative analysis with data protection, competition and consumer developments in the European Union (EU). Firstly, a brief overview is given of the legal context and relevant Big Data developments in Australia. Then, current EU developments, particularly the data portability right under the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), and recent proposals from the Commission aiming at fostering access and transfer of data including the data producer’s right to use and authorise the data and the portability of non-personal data for professional users are considered. This is followed by an explanation of the Australian Productivity Commission’s proposed Consumer Right to access and use data, before an analysis is conducted to understand the extent to which this proposed right accords with the European situation. Given the coming into force of the GDPR and its extraterritorial reach, and the EU-Australia Free Trade Agreement currently under negotiation, as well as the transnational reach of Big Data and Cloud services, standardisation across the two jurisdictions is desirable. In this regard, the article examines to what extent the recent initiatives contribute to such standardisation and their implications for the extent to which Australia’s legal framework for data may be considered ‘adequate’ by the EU.
Samson Esayas, University of Oslo – Faculty of Law, Norwegian Research Center for Computers and Law (NRCCL)
Angela Daly, The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) – Faculty of Law, Queensland University of Technology – Faculty of Law